SR Gupta et al. JPGN 2019; 69: 544-50. This article reports on preliminary experience in 54 children who received external (non-hospital) infliximab infusions. The average age was 17.6 years. The authors noted no serious safety concerns. Prior to arranging these infusions, the authors insisted on the following:
- Infusion services had to guarantee pediatric trained nurses with PALS certification
- Emergency medications had to be available
- A plan for emergency communication was arranged
- Postinfusion communication would occur with each infusion
BN Limketkai et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2019; 25: 1828-37. This study, using Truven Health MarketScan database (2007-16) reviewed proactive or reactive mucosal monitoring after biologic initiation in IBD. Early (< 6 months) proactive monitoring (88% endoscopy-based) was performed in 11% (n=2195/19,899) of patients with Crohn’s and 12.8% (925/7247) of patients with ulcerative colitis.
- “Early proactive monitoring was associated with a reduction in disease-related complications for CD (aHR 0.90) and UC (aHR 0.87) and predominantly driven by a reduction in corticosteroid use.”
- Another interesting finding was that ~40% of patients had biologic therapy initiated without assessment of mucosal disease activity within 6 months.
- The authors state that disease monitoring is typically more useful in CD than UC because with the latter, cessation of bleeding and diarrhea appear to be adequate surrogates.
- This study was not able to assess whether a biomarker like fecal calprotectin would be suitable due to its low utilization.
RZ Cohen, BT Schoen, S Kugathasan, CG Sauer. JPGN 2019; 69: 551-6. In this chart review, the authors identified anti-drug antibodies (ADA) in 24.8% (n=58) of patients undergoing therapeutic drug monitoring (n=234) with both infliximab and adalimumab. 54% of this group had antibody suppression with dose optimization. Of note, 37 patients had detectable ADA at time of initial drug monitoring. Dose optimization was 10 mg/kg every 4 weeks with infliximab or 40 mg weekly with adalimumab. Patients who were switched to a second anti-TNF agent (n=23) were not more likely to develop ADA to the second agent (small sample size). Also, the authors caution that in the five patients with ADA levels (>10 U/mL), dose optimization failed and patients required a therapeutic switch. My take: This study provides some useful information about the frequency of ADA. My view is that the actual drug level is more critical than the presence of ADA; though, the presence of high ADA often precludes the ability to deliver a therapeutic drug level.
Related blog posts:
- CCFA Updates 2019 -Proactive Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
- Proactive Therapeutic Drug Monitoring -Different Time Points
- Appropriate Proactive Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
- Briefly Noted: Induction Infliximab Levels Infliximab level ≥18 mcg/mL at week 6 was strongly associated with clinical and biologic response as well as achieving an infliximab level ≥5 mcg/mL at week 14 (AUC 0.85).
- Is Standard Infliximab Dose Too Low in Pediatrics?
- Combination Therapy Study Points to Central Role of Adequate Drug Levels
- Can Therapeutic Drug Monitoring with Monotherapy Achieve Similar Results as Combination Therapy for IBD? | gutsandgrowth The authors utilized TDM at week 10. If the IFX level was <20 mcg/mL, the dose and frequency of infliximab were both adjusted. If the level was between 20 & 25, either the frequency was adjusted or no adjustment, and if the level was >25, then no adjustment in dosing was performed.
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