Although pediatric gastroenterologists are not on the front lines of the vaccine controversies, we should add our voices to support immunizations. Some of our immunocompromised patients are among the most vulnerable and rely on herd immunity to lessen their chances of serious infection. When healthy children and adults do not receive their immunizations, this does not only increase their risk of infections but the risk to others.
A perfect example of this is highlighted in NEJM 2012; 366: 391-92. In 2010, California reported over 9000 cases of pertusis; of these cases, 89% occurred in infants less than 6 months. This population is too young to be adequately immunized. Ten of these infants died.
The author recommends trying to persuade those who are hesitant to proceed with immunizations. Parents who are opposed based on personal beliefs will not be persuaded.
- Remove socioeconomic barriers to vaccination
- Enforce school entry requirements; it should not be easier to opt out of immunizations than to receive them
- Aggressively address misinformation
- Learn to use persuasion effectively: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/conversations
- -NEJM 2011; 365: 1108. RV vaccine resulted in 64,000 less hospitalizations in US between 2007-2009.
- -NEJM 2010; 362: 289, 299, & 358. Rotavirus vaccines lowering death rate in Africa & Mexico.
- -NEJM 2011; 364: 2283. Rotavirus vaccine: risk of intussception ~1:50,000-1:70,000; thus could cause ~96 cases per year. Vaccine at same time prevented 80,000 hospitalizations & 1300 deaths in Brazil & Mexico.
- -Gastroenterology 2007; 132: 1287. Two decades of HBV vaccination in Taiwan
- -NEJM 2007; 16: 1275, 1278, 1281. Medical evidence refuting Thimersol toxicity; yet many vaccine cases in litigation
- -Liver Transplant 2008; 14: 1389. Vaccine policies: MMR/Varicella can be given as early as 6 months of age. Must give 3-4weeks before Tx. Can give inactivated ~6-12 mo p-OLT. Except for oral polio, good idea for contacts to get all their immunizations.
- -Inflamm Bowel Dis 2009;15:1410–1416. Vaccination Strategies for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease on immunomodulators and biologics
Live Virus Vaccines, Generally Contraindicated in Patients Receiving Immune-Suppressive Therapy:
Polio live oral vaccine (OPV)
Tuberculosis BCG vaccine
Typhoid live oral vaccine