Fish intake may reduce liver cancer

In a large Japanese adult population (n=90,296), the consumption of n-3 fatty acids and fish was associated with reduced risk for hepatocellular cancer (HCC) (Gastroenterology 2012; 142: 1468-75 and editorial 1411-12).

HCC ranks fifth among cancer incidence and third for mortality worldwide.  Many factors contributing to HCC cannot be modified.  The main factors subject to modification include diet and avoidance of viral hepatitis.  Dietary studies are methodologically-challenging due to difficulties assessing diet and due to the complex nature of diets.  Without going into any significant detail, this study shows an inverse relationship between fish intake and incidence of HCC.  The hazard ratio for the highest quintiles compared to the lowest were 0.56-0.64 depending on the specific dietary agent.  The specific n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) examined included eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic adic (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

HCC Established Risk Factors:

Age, males, family history of HCC, HCV/HBV infection, alcohol, cirrhosis, tobacco, aflatoxin exposure, Hereditary Hemochromatosis, α-1 antitrypsin deficiency, primary biliary cirrhosis

Likely Risk Factors:

Diabetes, obesity, NAFLD

Possible Risk Factors:

Red meat, saturated fat, fructose, oral contraceptives

Possible Protective Factors:

Coffee, micronutrients (vitamin D, vitamin E, selenium), white meat (fish, poultry), and n-3 fatty acids

Related blog posts:

Looking for trouble

Live longer -drink more coffee

Drink Up!

More about coffee

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.