Rectal Suction Biopsies Less Accurate in Infants <40 days

Briefly noted:

RJ Meinds et al Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2015; 13: 1801-07. In this retrospective analysis (1975-2011) of 529 rectal suction biopsies (RSBs) from 441 patients, the authors note lower sensitivity for RSB in infants <40 days.

From Table 3:

  • Hirschsprung’s disease patients <40 days: true-positive RSB 56/111 (50%), inconclusive RSB 32/111 (29%) and false negative 23/111 (21%)
  • Hirschsprung’s disease patients >40 days: true-positive RSB 136/154 (88%), inconclusive RSB 14/154 (9%) and false negative 4/154 (3%)
  • Non-HD patients <40 days: inconclusive RSB 2/48 (4%), false-positive RSB 0/48 (0%)
  • Non-HD patients >40 days: inconclusive RSB 10/216 (5%), false-positive RSB 1/216 (<1%)

Bottomline: This study may need to be replicated due to improvements in biopsy analysis (eg. calretinin); however, in the first 40 days of life, RSBs are more often inconclusive and/or false-negatives.  The use of anorectal manometry may be helpful.

Related blog posts:

Coors Field

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