Best Fecal Marker for Crohn’s Disease: Calprotectin

A recent study (EK Wright et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2016; 22: 1086-94) collected data from 135 participants in a prospective, randomized, controlled trial aimed at preventing postoperative Crohn’s disease (CD) recurrence.  As part of this study, serial stool collections enabled comparison of fecal markers: calprotectin (FC), lactoferrin (FL) and S100A12 (FS).

FC was the optimal marker and was superior to CRP and CDAI. Table 4 provides a list of sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV for each of the fecal markers at various cutoffs.

For FC, using the optimal cutoff of 135 mcg/g, the sensitivity was 0.87, specificity was 0.66, PPV was 56%, and NPV 91%.  A lower cutoff (50 mcg/g) improved sensitivity to 0.96 and NPV to 94%; whereas a higher cutoff (200 mcg/g) lowered the sensitivity to 71% but improved the specificity to 0.74 along with raising the PPV% to 59%.

My take: While the yield of a test changes based on the population examined, this report indicates that it is likely that calprotectin would outperform the other fecal inflammatory markers in most settings.

Related blog posts:

Briefly noted: G Gale et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2016; 22: 1071-77.  This report describes more extensive disease when there is concomitant orofacial granulomatosis with Crohn’s disease.

Paris from Postcards

Paris from Postcards, Vik Muniz

ParisCaption

1 thought on “Best Fecal Marker for Crohn’s Disease: Calprotectin

  1. Pingback: Fecal Calprotectin Monitoring Helpful at Identifying Relapse in IBD | gutsandgrowth

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.