A recent study (JM Garbutt et al. J Pediatr 2016; 179: 166-71 and related editorial by MD Dowd, pg 15-17) provide relevant information on the issue of firearm injury prevention.
The study describes the results of a survey provided to 1246 parents at a diverse group of practices around St Louis.
- 36% reported being owners of firearms
- Of the owners, 25% reported ≥1 firearm was stored loaded and 17.9% carried a firearm when leaving the house.
- 75% of all parents thought pediatricians should provide advise on safe storage of firearms (71% of owners); however, only 12.8% of all parents reported a discussion about firearms with the pediatrician
The discussion and commentary on this study are more interesting than the actual results. Key points:
- The AAP has recommended that pediatricians screen for the presence of household firearms and has stated that a “home without guns is the safest option…Advising safe storage is also encouraged.” Prior surveys have echoed this study that few pediatricians counsel families about firearm safety.
- Despite AAP recommendations, over “60% of Americans believe that a ‘gun in the house makes it safer’ which is a more common attitude than in 2004 when 42% of Americans held that view.
- Providing a child with firearm avoidance educational programs (eg. NRA’s “Eddie Eagle”) “is unlikely to lead to safe behaviors…[and] may give parents a false sense of security.”
- “Children cannot distinguish real guns from toy guns and are strong enough to pull a trigger as early as 3 years of age.”
- Approaching the topic of safe storage “as an expert in child development” and children’s unpredictable behavior rather than in firearm safety “may be acceptable to both pediatricians and parents.”
- The authors advocate keeping firearm storage on a checklist of hazards (eg. medication storage, avoiding household poisons) –though this has not been well-studied.
- From editorial: “When compared with other developed nations, US children under 15 years of age are 12 times more likely to be killed by a gun…We know that nearly 1 in 10 families with guns admit to keeping at least 1 gun loaded and unlocked, and nearly one-half keep at least 1 gun unlocked.”
So, in fact, having a gun in the home does not make a home safer, just the opposite. But delving into this topic is probably not productive due to strong feelings tangential to gun ownership. There have been unsuccessful legislative efforts in over 10 states to prevent physicians from discussing the topic as well as a protracted legal battle in Florida.
My take (borrowed from editorial): “Although the difference between “gun safety” and “child safety” may seem subtle, such a shift allows a consistent approach to home injury prevention across mechanisms of injury with the focus on the child, not the gun.” “Little children are curious and big children (teens) are impulsive, so exposure to unsecured guns can lead to tragic outcomes that cannot be prevented by child education. Who better to deliver this message than pediatricians?”
Related blog posts:
- Politics and Limiting Physician Speech
- Physician narrative on gun control | gutsandgrowth
- What to Fear in 2015 | gutsandgrowth
- Firearm Mortality in U.S.
- NY Times: End the Gun Epidemic in America | gutsandgrowth