NASPGHAN Postgraduate Course 2017 (Part 1): Strictures, GI Bleeding, Pancreatic Fluid Collections

Over the next 2 weeks or so, I am posting my notes/pictures from this year’s annual meeting.  The first few days will review the postgraduate course.  For the most part, I find the postgraduate course reassuring that I have kept up with current approaches; there is usually not a lot of new information but a solid review of the topics.

Here is a link to postgraduate course syllabus: NASPGHAN PG Syllabus – 2017

This blog entry has abbreviated/summarized these presentations. Though not intentional, some important material is likely to have been omitted; in addition, transcription errors are possible as well.

Strictures beyond the esophagus

Petar Mamula, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Some useful points:

  • Fluoroscopy very useful with most strictures –may improve safety and effectiveness. Helps define anatomy
  • Reviewed strictures in stomach –rare. May be due to caustic ingestion, Crohn’s disease or chronic granulomatous disease
  • Intestinal/colonic strictures (or narrowing): duodenal webs -can be treated with needle knife, Crohn’s disease strictures -can be balloon dilated, Short gut syndrome, Graft versus host disease

GI Bleeding Update

Diana Lerner  Medical College of Wisconsin

Useful points

Upper GI Bleeding:

  • IV PPIs reduce risk of transfusion and reduce risk of re-bleeding
  • IV PPI BID treatment has been shown to be noninferior to continuous drip
  • Conservative transfusion therapy
  • Erythromycin can be helpful
  • Lecture had good videos with review of techniques: clipping, heater probe, epinephrine injection (not recommended as monotherapy), argon plasma coagulation, and bipolar electrocautery

Cleveland et al. World J Pediatr 2012

Lower GI Bleeding:

  • Etiologies include the followiing: Post-polypectomy, Solitary Rectal Ulcer syndrome, Blue Rubber Bleb syndrome, anastomotic ulcer bleeding, Meckel’s diverticulum
  • Lower GI evaluation is best after prep –much higher yield

Management of Pancreatic Fluid Collections

Matt Giefer Seattle Children’s Hospital

Key points:

  • Imaging in first 7 days of diagnosis may miss the development of fluid collections
  • With necrotizing pancreatitis, fluid collections are either ANC: acute necrotic collection (<4 weeks) or WON: walled off necrosis (>4 weeks); Bryan et al. Radiographics 2016; 36: 675
  • With interstitial edematous pancreatitis, fluid collections are either acute peripancreatic fluid collection (<4 weeks) or Pseudocyst: >4 weeks,
  • Fluid collections do not preclude feeding patients
  • Drainage often needed if fluid collection becomes infected or if fluid collection causes obstruction
  • Endoscopic drainage is first-line approach: equally effective as surgery, fewer complications, equal efficacy, and lower cost

 

 

1 thought on “NASPGHAN Postgraduate Course 2017 (Part 1): Strictures, GI Bleeding, Pancreatic Fluid Collections

  1. Pingback: Clinical Practice Advice: Pancreatic Necrosis | gutsandgrowth

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