A recent commentary (MH Wallenstein, DK Stevenson.
- First, preterm infants are highly susceptible to pulmonary aspiration, primarily due to, among other factors, immature tone of the lower esophageal sphincter and use of uncuffed endotracheal tubes.”
- Second, aspiration of gastric contents probably contributes to bronchopulmonary dysplasia..
- Third, transpyloric feeding is an effective strategy to reduce the risk of aspiration…we believe that early prophylactic transpyloric feeding may be the only effective strategy to prevent aspiration-associated lung injury.
- Transpyloric feedings “fell out of favor in the 1980s after a single trial showed an increased risk of mortality”
My take (borrowed from authors): “the practice of early transpyloric feeding with human breastmilk merits a thorough reevaluation of its risks and benefits in the setting of modern neonatal practice.”