Intracranial Hypertension & Papilledema with Alagille Syndrome

NM Rock et al. JPGN 2020; 71: 655-662. Intracranial Hypertension and Papilledema in a Large Cohort of Pediatric Patients With Alagille Syndrome

Key findings:

  • In this retrospective cohort of 69 patients, Nine (13.0%) had papilledema and Five (7.2%) had confirmed or probable intracranial hypertension. All five had undergone liver transplantation.
  • Age (in months) when intracranial hypertension was diagnosed: 35, 43, 55, 62, and 103.

Discussion Points:

  • “Cerbrovascular abnormalities, including moyamoya disease, are increasingly describe in patients with” Alagille syndrome.
  • “Opthalmic complications in relation with papilledema seem to appear mostly after” liver transplantation. This could indicate that LT/immunosuppression exaccerbate underlying disorder, that those who need LT have more severe phenotype or could be related to closer scrutiny (‘follow-up bias”).
  • First line treatment for intracranial hypertension in this group is generally acetazolamide.

My take: I agree with the authors who propose regular eye exams for patients with Alagille syndrome, especially if needing liver transplantation. Further evaluation is recommended for patients who have greater than mild papilledema. This includes MRI and lumbar opening pressure.

Related blog posts:

Sunrise -Isle of Palms

2 thoughts on “Intracranial Hypertension & Papilledema with Alagille Syndrome

  1. Pingback: NASPGHAN Alagille Syndrome Webinar | gutsandgrowth

  2. Pingback: FITCH Study of Bezafibrate for Pruritus Due to Cholestatic Liver Disease | gutsandgrowth

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.