According to a recent study (AD DiVasta et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021; 19: 528-537. Overlap Between Irritable Bowel Syndrome Diagnosis and Endometriosis in Adolescents), adolescents with surgically-confirmed endometriosis are at increased risk for irritable bowel syndrome.
This study derived data from a longitudinal cohort; the sample for this study followed women with and without endometriosis who completed extensive surveys (n=323) and excluded women with celiac disease or inflammatory bowel disease. Cases of IBS were based on patient reports of Rome IV criteria, though 81% were confirmed via medical record review.
- “More adolescents with endometriosis (54 of 224; 24%) had comorbid IBS compared with adolescents without endometriosis (7 of 99; 7.1%). The odds of IBS was 5.26-fold higher among participants with endometriosis than without (95% CI, 2.13–13.0).”
- “For participants with endometriosis, each 1-point increase in acyclic pain severity increased the odds of IBS by 31% (adjusted odds ratio, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.18–1.47).”
The association of endometriosis with IBS was based on Rome IV criteria, as such, the authors assert that this is “not merely a diagnostic bias” However, some of the increase may be related to referral patterns.
- “In the adult literature, pain in the pelvis, menstrual-related symptoms, symptoms related to sexual intercourse, ovarian cysts, and subfertility seem to distinguish women with endometriosis from other GI conditions.”
- “Chronic pain syndromes were more prevalent in girls with endometriosis and IBS. Rates of migraine headaches, sleep disturbance, and urinary symptoms were higher…[and] had higher prevalence rates of mood disturbance.”
Why is there overlap between these disorders?
- The authors speculate that “the inflammatory process likely plays a role…and central pain sensitization may play a crucial role in the two diseases”
My take: Adolescents with endometriosis have a higher likelihood of IBS. Acyclic pain is a strong predictor of IBS.
Related blog posts:
- Mechanisms of IBS and Functional Pain (2021)
- Is There a Way to Prove Which Dietary Factors Trigger IBS?
- Clinically Useful Biomarkers for Irritable Bowel Syndrome? | gutsandgrowth
- IBS Subtypes in Pediatrics | gutsandgrowth
- Mechanisms of irritable bowel syndrome
- Ondansetron for Irritable Bowel with Diarrhea? | gutsandgrowth
Related humor: YouTube Link: SNL IBS Ad (4/10/21) Very funny!