Update on Esophageal Motility Disorders

DA Patel et al. Gastroenterol 2022; 162: 1617-1634. Open Access: Esophageal Motility Disorders: Current Approach to Diagnostics and Therapeutics

Manometric classification of various esophageal motility disorders
based on CC v4.0. HRIM, high-resolution impedance manometry
Treatment options in patients with disorders of esophageal peristalsis after a careful endoscopy is performed to rule out a mechanical or mucosal disease (such as eosinophilic esophagitis
Impact of mucosal diseases, opioids, and connective tissue disease on esophageal motility. Figure shows presence of various secondary motility abnormalities, and the triangle indicates visual approximations of the prevalence of those motility abnormalities with each disease state. Most patients will have normal motility testing.