While a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the optimal treatment, adult patients with celiac disease still have a high prevalence of irritable bowel symptoms (IBS) (Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2013; 11: 359-65).
The authors examined the prevalence of IBS symptoms by reviewing cross-sectional and case-control studies in adults with celiac disease (≥16 years old). Initially, the literature search identified 624 studies; the vast majority did not fit the study requirements. Seven studies (n=3383 participants) reported the prevalence of IBS symptoms in celiac disease. These studies took place between 2002 to 2011 in five different countries. IBS was defined using either Rome I, II, or III criteria. Only one of these studies assessed adherence to a GFD by using negative tissue transglutaminase antibodies on the 2 most recent outpatient visits.
Results: IBS symptoms were present in 38% of all patients with celiac disease. The pooled odds ratio was higher for celiac disease than controls (OR 5.6, with 95% CI 3.23-9.7). Nonadherence to a GFD increased the likelihood over those who were adherent by an odds ratio of 2.69
Take-home message: IBS symptoms are present in a high proportion of patients with celiac disease. While a GFD may improve these symptoms, some individuals will have persistent symptoms.
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Is functional pain more common in children with … – gutsandgrowth Previous blog entry examines functional abdominal pain in children and celiac disease.
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- -Clin Gastro & Hep 2007; 5: 445. Gluten exposure in 36%, IBS n 22%, lactose intol 8%, refractory CD 10%
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