EPT for Achalasia

EPT or esophageal pressure topography (using high-resolution manometry) can help predict outcomes for achalasia (Gastroenterol 2013; 144: 718-25, editorial 681-83).

Background:  Patients with achalasia often present with dysphagia, chest pain, and regurgitation.  These symptoms result from impaired lower esophageal sphincter relaxation and aperistalsis.  While the main treatment has focused on disruption of the sphincter, esophageal body pressures may be important in long-term outcomes.

Three patterns of esophageal body pressures with achalasia:

  • type 1 absence of peristalsis and minimal pressurization
  • type 2 absence of peristalsis with panesophageal pressurization (≥30 mm Hg)
  • type 3 evidence of spasm

According to the cited study which reviewed data from 176 patients in the European achalasia trial (time period: 2003-2008, 18-75 year old), success rates were better with type 2 achalasia (96%, n=114) compared with type 1 (81%, n=44) or type 3 (66%, n=18).

In addition, the EPT findings may influence treatment selection.  Pneumatic dilation (PD) was more successful than Heller myotomy (HM) for type 2 patients (100% vs. 93%, p < 0.05).  However, HM was considered successful more frequently for patients with type 3 achalasia (86% vs. 40% –though not statistically significant due to small numbers).  For type 1, no significant difference was noted between HM and PD at 2 year followup, 81% vs. 85% respectively.

The commentary discusses some of the pertinent issues.   For example, HM may be better than PD among type 1 patients; the exclusion of patients with severe dilatation of esophagus.

Take-home message (from editorial) “The task at hand is to determine whether these distinct categories truly matter in clinical practice…it seems that the subtypes of achalasia do have prognostic value…we …need to determine…whether subtypes can inform treatment options.”

7 thoughts on “EPT for Achalasia

  1. Pingback: Review of Achalasia | gutsandgrowth

  2. Pingback: POEMs in Practice for Achalasia | gutsandgrowth

  3. Pingback: What does the law require with regard to food allergen labeling? (plus one) | gutsandgrowth

  4. Pingback: Achalasia with Megaesophagus | gutsandgrowth

  5. Pingback: Achalasia -Updated Epidemiology | gutsandgrowth

  6. Pingback: POEM vs Surgical Myotomy for Achalasia -Randomized Trial | gutsandgrowth

  7. Pingback: Achalasia -More Complexity to Pathophysiology? | gutsandgrowth

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.