Update on Hepatitis B & C -Postgraduate Course

Update on Hepatitis B –Jean Pappas Molleston

Hepatitis B: Who to Treat:

  • Immune active Hepatitis B with active disease: HBeAg+ (> 6 months), HBV DNA > 20,000 IU/ml, ALT > 1.5 x normal or > 60 IU/L, &  moderate/severe inflammation/fibrosis
  • Reactivated Hepatitis B with active disease: HBeAg‐ (> 12 months), HBV DNA > 2000 IU/ml, ALT > 1.5 x normal or > 60 IU/L

Hepatitis B: Who to Not Treat:

  • Immunotolerant Hepatitis B: HBeAg+, HBV DNA > 20,000 IU/ml, Normal ALT
  • Inactive carrier: HBe Ag, HBV DNA < 2000

What to Use to Treat Children with Hepatitis B and When:

  • Only children with active disease should be treated
  • Many would suggest IFN as a first line drug, especially for younger children
  • Nucleoside analogues can now be considered in older children: Tenofovir is licensed for over age 12,  Entecavir is licensed for over age 16

What’s Exciting?

  • NCT01519960 Peg‐IFN monotherapy for children with chronic active hepatitis B
  • NCT01368497 Peg‐IFN and Entecavir for treatment of Hepatitis B in immunotolerant children
  • New drugs
  • New ways to predict who will have worse disease and who will respond
  • Direct Acting Antivirals

Treating HCV: 2013 and Beyond… Regino P. González-Peralta, M.D.

Standard of Care HCV Therapy: Children

  1. IFN/PEG-IFN-α-2a (PEG-2a):  ‘‘Branched’’ 40-kDa PEG moiety, Dose: 104 μg/m2 SQ once weekly, Available: prefilled syringes or as vials
  2. PEG-IFN-α-2b (PEG-2b): ‘‘Linear’’ 12-kDa PEG, Dose: 60 μg/m2 SQ once weekly, Available: Measured vials/ready-use pens

Other pointers:

  • Discussed IL-28 B Polymorphism –No pediatric data yet
  • Close monitoring for those who are treated
  • PEG-RBV is standard of care for children though with suboptimal efficacy and significant toxicity
  • Warp-speed evolution of HCV therapies
  • All ORAL’ regimen on horizon
  • Yearly evaluation: CBC, liver tests, HCV RNA and PT/INR (cirrhosis)

HCV Rx in Children: to treat or not:


  • Avoid disease progression
  • Remove social stigma
  • Decrease HCV burden
  • Children ‘better’ candidates


  • Benign disease
  • Efficacy
  • Toxicity
  • Direct Acting Antivirals (in the pipeline)

Full slides available on postgraduate Course Syllabus (posted with permission): PG Syllabus

Disclaimer: These blog posts are for educational purposes only. Specific dosing of medications (along with potential adverse effects) and specific medical interventions should be confirmed by prescribing physician.  Application of the information in a particular situation remains the professional responsibility of the practitioner.

2 thoughts on “Update on Hepatitis B & C -Postgraduate Course

  1. Pingback: Liver fibrosis in determining treatment for Hepatitis B | gutsandgrowth

  2. Pingback: PEG-B-ACTIVE Study: Efficacy of Peginterferon for Children with Hep B | gutsandgrowth

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