Predicting Remission in Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis

Trying to offer realistic information to families on the long-term success of infliximab (Remicade) for pediatric ulcerative colitis has been difficult due to a limited amount of data.  In addition, many studies have a number of limitations which can make it difficult to extrapolate to a less-selected population (According to the study which you would never qualify for ).

A recent post hoc analysis (Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2013; 11: 1460-65) from 51 children (age 6-17 years) provides some insight into this issue.  The authors used data collected prospectively during the T72 clinical trial (Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol; 10: 391-99 -reviewed in blog post: Infliximab for children with Ulcerative Colitis | gutsandgrowth).

Results:

  • Week 8 PUCAI scores best predicted which patients would be in steroid-free remission after 1 year of treatment: 9 of 17 (53%) with scores <10 points were in sustained remission compare with 4 of 20 (25%) with scores ≥10.
  • Week 8 PUCAI outperformed mucosal healing in predicting remission.

Key points:

  • PUCAI may have outperformed mucosal healing because the latter can lag behind clinical response.  Furthermore, mucosal healing is more subjective with less interobserver reliability.
  • In patients with known inflammatory bowel disease, endoscopic assessment remains important in several situations: condition or reason for symptoms is in question (eg. exclude irritable bowel symptoms or medication-induced symptoms), acute severe colitis not responding to 3-day treatment with intravenous steroids to exclude superinfection, and to assess mucosa before major treatment changes “such as when starting or stopping biologics and before referral for colectomy.”

Related blog posts:

4 thoughts on “Predicting Remission in Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis

  1. Pingback: UC SUCCESS | gutsandgrowth

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  3. Pingback: Higher Stool Infliximab Correlates with Poor Response in Severe Ulcerative Colitis | gutsandgrowth

  4. Pingback: An Overlooked Finding in a Recent Acute Severe Ulcerative Colitis Study | gutsandgrowth

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