W El-Matary et al. J Pediatr 2019; 206: 20-5. This study from Manitoba using electronic database found that the incidence rate of C difficile was stable from 2005-2015, with an overall rate of 7.8 per 100,000 person-years. Children with Hirschsprung’s and inflammatory bowel disease had increased prevalence rates.
JL O’Loughlin et al. J Pediatr 2019; 206: 142-7. Using data from two longitudinal studies in Montreal (Cannabis is legal for adults in Canada since 2018), the authors examined the rate of cannabis initiation starting in 6th grade through 11th grade. Key finding was that cannabis use was 1.8 time more likely among children whose parents used cannabis. Overall, cannabis use increased from 3.1% in grade 6 to 25.7% in grade 11.
What is erythromelagia? This term was noted in the title of a recent report (J Pediatr 2019; 206: 217-24) and refers to bilateral episodic pain and redness that occurs in feet, hands and occasionally the ears. In some case, symptoms progress proximally to involve the legs, arms, and rarely the face.