Rural Areas Main Driver for Increasing Obesity

Nature volume 569pages260–264 (2019) : Full Text: Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults

From Abstract:

  • Here we use 2,009 population-based studies, with measurements of height and weight in more than 112 million adults, to report national, regional and global trends in mean BMI segregated by place of residence (a rural or urban area) from 1985 to 2017.
  • We show that, contrary to the dominant paradigm, more than 55% of the global rise in mean BMI from 1985 to 2017—and more than 80% in some low- and middle-income regions—was due to increases in BMI in rural areas.
  •  In high-income and industrialized countries, we noted a persistently higher rural BMI, especially for women.

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