Lots of Room to Improve with H pylori Treatment

Briefly noted: A recent survey study (N Du et al. JPGN Reports: 2021; 2: p e033. doi: 10.1097/PG9.0000000000000033. Full Text: Assessment of Community Pediatric Providers’ Approach to Children With Helicobacter pylori) found that pediatric providers had poor knowledge and/or adherence to pediatric H pylori guidelines.

Key findings:

  • Over a third of the respondents reported incorrectly testing patients for H. pylori while they were taking proton pump inhibitors.
  • 17% (n=17) incorrectly preferred blood serology as testing modality
  • 63% (n=64) relied on symptom resolution as indication of cure

My take: It would be interesting to compare pediatric gastroenterology provider responses to general pediatric providers. It is likely that a much higher percentage would be following established guidelines. One area of the guidelines that I think should be changed would be encouraging increased use of quadruple therapy in children, especially if resistance testing is not performed; this change would better align with adult guidelines. In adults, quadruple therapy has been associated with increased cure rates.

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