Steroids for Some with Short Gut, Poor Agreement on Endoscopy Findings, and Ending Surprise Bills

Briefly noted:

  1. F Wang et al JPGN 2021; 73: 17-22. Glucocorticoids Improve Enteral Feeding Tolerance in Pediatric Short Bowel Syndrome With Chronic Intestinal Inflammation In this retrospective study with 15 patients who had histologically-confirmed chronic intestinal inflammation, glucocorticoids (budesonide or prednisone) were associated with clinical improvement. Key findings: 7 of the 15 patients gained enteral autonomy. 6 of 7 of those had eosinophilic infiltrates as part of their histologic findings. 11 of 15 had a reduction in parenteral calories.
  2. L Norsa et al JPGN 2021; 73: 48-53. Scoring Endoscopy in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Way to Improve Quality This study showed very poor agreement between 11 pediatric GIs in evaluating videos of 15 endoscopies (see below). Key finding: Intraclass correlation was 0.298 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.13–0.55) for ulcerative colitis (UC) and 0.266 (0.11–0.52) for Crohn disease (CD). My take: This study indicates either a need for rigorous training of endoscopists and/or need for AI review of endoscopy.
  3. NY Times 7/2/21: Full text: For Surprise Medical Bills, It’s the Beginning of the End Key issues for regulators: define a standard price for out-of-network care, determine what hospitals and doctors will need to do to notify patients they are not in their insurance network, and establish a complaint system for consumers who believe they were illegally billed.

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From JGPN twitter feed