In previous posts (see below), the benefits of split-liver transplantation has been discussed, chiefly reducing pediatric waitlist mortality. A recent study (MG Bowring et al. Liver Transplantation 2022; 28: 969-982. Survival Benefit of Split-Liver Transplantation for Pediatric and Adult Candidates) shows split livers improve survival for pediatric and adult recipients.
Methods: The researchers sought to determine the survival benefit associated with accepting a splittable graft offer for SLT versus declining and waiting for a subsequent offer using 2010 to 2018 Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) data on 928 pediatric and 1814 adult liver transplantation candidates who were ever offered a splittable graft
- Among adult candidates, split liver offer acceptance was associated with a 43% reduction in mortality (aHR, 0.390.570.83 [P = 0.005]; 92.2% versus 84.4% 1-year survival after decision)
- Among pediatric candidates ≤7 kg, split liver offer acceptance versus decline was associated with a 63% reduction in mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.170.370.80 [P = 0.01]; 93.1% versus 84.0% 1-year survival after decision). Among pediatric candidates >7 kg, there was no significant difference associated with acceptance of a split liver offer (aHR, 0.631.071.82 [P = 0.81]; 91.7% versus 94.4% 1-year survival after decision)
My take: These findings should spur more efforts at incentivizing the use of split livers.
Unrelated article: ER Perito et al. Liver Transplantation 2022; 28: 1051-1062. Graft Fibrosis Over 10 to 15 Years in Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients: Multicenter Study of Paired, Longitudinal Surveillance Biopsies
Key findings (n=78):
- The first biopsy, at a median 8.2 years (interquartile range, 5.9-11.6 years) after transplantation, showed moderate (LAFSc 4-6) in 55%, and severe (LAFSc 7 or higher) in 3% of patients.
- The second biopsy, at a median 4.7 years (IQR, 4.3-5.1 years) later, showed moderate (LAFSc 4-6) in 62%, and severe (LAFSc 7 or higher) in 5% of patients.. Thus, there was fibrosis progression (LAFSc increased by ≥3) in 10 (13%) and regression (LAFSc decreased by ≥3) in 4 (5%) patients.
Related blog posts:
- Pediatric Liver Transplantation: Past Time to Split
- More on It’s Past Time to Split
- Pediatric Livers Bypassing Needy Children | gutsandgrowth
- Picking winners and losers with liver transplantation allocation
- Should Younger Transplant Patients Receive Better Organs? | gutsandgrowth
- Projected 20-Year and 30-Year Survival Rates for Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients (U.S.) | gutsandgrowth