2023 ACG Celiac Guidelines for Adult and Children

A Rubio-Tapia et al. Am J Gastroenterol 2023;118:59–76. Open Access! American College of Gastroenterology Guidelines Update: Diagnosis and Management of Celiac Disease Thanks to Ben Gold for this reference.

Here are some of the recommendations from updated ACG Celiac Guidelines:

Comments: The authors favor a non-biopsy approach for Celiac diagnosis in children with very elevated serology but not in adults. In adults, they cite a paucity of literature. “One multicenter international study of adults found that a 10-fold elevation of TTG IgA had a positive predictive value of 95% for CD (50). Given the life-long treatment implications of a GFD, this may be unacceptably low.”

The authors suggest assessing for mucosal healing after 2 years of treatment in all patients though they indicate a low quality of evidence for this recommendation. In those undergoing endoscopy, biopsies of the duodenal bulb along with at least 4 post-bulbar biopsies are recommended.

Figure 3 provides an algorithm for non-responsive celiac disease.

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