Given the frequency of functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGID), including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), dietary treatments that may improve symptoms receive a lot of attention. A recent review of the role of food choices in the development and management of FGIDs is a useful reference (Am J Gastroenterol 2012; 107: 657-66 -thanks to Ben Gold for forwarding this article).
This review details specific dietary advice as well as the following specific physiologic effects of FODMAPs:
- Osmotic effects
- Bacterial fermentation
- Motility effects
- Prebiotic effects
- Systemic effects –mild depression, tiredness