While there is a well-recognized association between Celiac disease and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), a recent study shows a lower prevalence of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and metabolic syndrome in patients with celiac disease (Gastroenterol 2013; 144: 912-17).
You-Tube Link: Patients With Celiac Disease Have a Lower Prevalence … – YouTube..Dr. Toufic A. Kabbani discusses his manuscript “Patients WithCeliac Disease Have a Lower Prevalence of Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Syndrome.”
A retrospective review of 840 patients with biopsy-confirmed celiac disease were compared with 840 random matched controls. Controls were matched for age, sex, and ethnicity. Mean age was 49.4 years.
- 26 (3.1%) of celiac disease cohort and 81 (9.6%) (p <0.0001) had NIDDM.
- 3.5% of celiac disease cohort and 12.7% of controls had metabolic syndrome.
- Though celiac disease patients had lower BMI, these findings were still present after controlling for this variable.
- Prevalence of NIDDM was strongly associated with age in both groups. In celiac cohort, NIDDM occurred in 0% (n=343) of those <45, 3.1% in 45-64, and 9.3% in those >65. In contrast, the control group had NIDDM in 3.5%, 11% and 19.3% respectively.
With regard to pathophysiology, the authors did not think the protection from NIDDM was related to malabsorption. Evidence of malabsorption was more common in patients with CD and NIDDM than in those without NIDDM.
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