High Rates of Helicobacter Pylori Resistance

While the development of antibacterial resistance has broad implications, in gastroenterology patients specific problems have emerged with Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) and this has led to changes in first-line therapy( ).  More data on the treatment resistant H pylori has been published (JPGN 2013; 56: 645-48).

77 consecutive strains of H pylori  from Brazilian children and adolescents were isolated from gastric biopsies and analyzed; this study took place between 2008-2009 and the mean age was 11.1 years.  In 71 strains, there were no previous attempts at eradication.

Results:

  • 40% of strains were resistant to metronidazole
  • 19.5% of strains were resistant to clarithromycin
  • 10.4% of strains were resistant to amoxicillin
  • All strains were susceptible to furazolidone and tetracycline
  • 14/77 (18.2%) patients had multiple resistances

Take-home point: Resistance to antibiotics is altering our approach to H pylori therapy.  Antibiotic susceptibility testing may be needed to improve antibiotic selection and eradication rates.

Related blog links:

5 thoughts on “High Rates of Helicobacter Pylori Resistance

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