Predicting Severe Clostridium Difficile

According to a recent publication (Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2013; 11: 1466-71), the most important risk factors for severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) are the following:

  • Peripheral leukocytosis (WBC >15,000)
  • Elevated serum creatinine >1.5 times baseline
  • Narcotic use
  • Acid-blocking medications
  • Older age

This study reviewed the records of inpatient cases at the Mayo clinic between 2007-2010. In total, 487 of 1446 patients had severe CDI, defined as ICU admssion (26.7%), colectomy (2.7%) or death (8.9%) within 30 days of diagnosis.

Patients with these risk factors may need to be treated more aggressively.

Also, noted: Am J Gastroenterol 2013; 108: 1794-1801. (Thanks to Ben Gold). Using electronic medical records, the authors identified 894  adult inpatients with a first-time CDI (2009-2012).  Receipt of PPIs concurrent with CDI treatment was not associated with CDI recurrence.

Related blog posts:

4 thoughts on “Predicting Severe Clostridium Difficile

  1. Pingback: Clostridium difficile Epidemiology | gutsandgrowth

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  4. Pingback: Expert Advice on Clostridium difficile and Inflammatory Bowel Disease | gutsandgrowth

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