In a population-based inception cohort study (S Yada et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2016; 14: 65-70) of 679 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) followed for a median of more than 19.8 years, it was determined that patients with IBD were ~9 times more likely to develop hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) compared with general population. 8 of 679 patients developed HS; only one had HS prior to IBD.
- Most Crohn’s disease patients with HS had perianal disease. Most ulcerative colitis patients developed HS after colectomy.
- Female sex and obesity were risk factors for HS.
In a second retrospective study (N Kamal et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2016; 14: 71-9), the authors identified 15 patients with CD and HS. 10 patients had perianal disease. In this population, “both diseases were characterized by their severity, requirement of systemic medical therapies including anti-TNF and high operative rate.” this article contained some very helpful pictures.
Unrelated article: F Wang, JL Kaplan, BD Gold et al. Cell Reports; 2016: 14: 945-55. This highly technical study used two independent cohorts of patients with Crohn’s disease and non-IBD controls. One cohort, RISK, had over 700 patients and ~30,000 mean number of reads per sample; the other cohort, PIBD-CC, and 87 patients and ~3000 mean number of reads per sample. Overall, the study showed associations between Crohn’s disease and bacteria in the lumen and the study helps provide an information-based method to depict dysbiosis.
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