A recent prospective study (D Petroff et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018; 16: 1442-49) with 345 pediatric patients with biopsy-proven celiac disease (CD) examined serologic response to a gluten-free diet (GFD) between 2012-2015.
- Mean TTG IgA concentration decreased 14-fold after 3 months of a GFD. The study assay used kits from EUROIMMUN.
- TTG IgA remained above 1-fold ULN in 83.8% and above 10-fold ULN in 26.6%.
- Deamidated gliadin IgA (DGL IgA) decreased in the vast majority but did not distinguish response of GFD from random fluctuations.
- The authors note that symptoms improved in most on GFD, but short-term response could reflect “regression to the mean…for a considerable share” as symptoms improved in the non-GFD group as well.
In their discussion, the authors reference a large study (n=487) which showed mean normalization of TTG IgA of ~400 days; longer times were noted in those with type 1 diabetes and higher baseline values.
My take: This study, while showing that TTG IgA levels improve after 3 months of a GFD, helps solidify my opinion that in those who are improving, followup serology could be obtained later. My practice is to have followup serology after 6 months of a GFD in the majority of patients.
Related blog posts:
- Celiac serology normalization
- How Slow Do Objective Markers of Celiac Change After Treatment? | gutsandgrowth
- Celiac Disease Epidemic (High rate of celiac disease reported in Denver children)
- Vaccine for Celiac Disease
- Celiac Disease Risk –TEDDY study