Polyposis in Pediatric Patients -Review

A recent review article (SP MacFarland et al. JPGN 2019; 69: 273-80) provides clearcut guidelines on polyposis syndromes in pediatric patients.

Table 1 lists the syndrome, the mutated gene (s), and recommended screening (onset & interval). The article and table provide more nuance/guidance but the basic recommendations are noted as follows:

  • For Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP), the authors recommend onset of colonoscopy at 10 years and with 1 year intervals.  “Colectomy recommended by 20 to 25 years.”  EGD is recommended at 18 to 20 years. Thyroid ultrasound is recommended at 18 years.  Alpha-fetoprotein levels to check for hepatoblastoma are recommneded every 3-6 months in infancy up to 5 years of age.
  • For Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome, EGD and Colonoscopy are recommended at 15 years with interval evaluations at 1-3 years.
  • For Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, EGD and Colonoscopy are recommended at 8 to 10 years (along with small bowel evaluation with either MRE or video capsule).  Interval followup is recommended every 2-3 years.

Table 2 provides suggestions for familial screening in pediatric polyposis syndromes.

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