Briefly noted: N Kanike et al. Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1636; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061636 (from Kipp Ellsworth Twitter feed)
Background/Methods: Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns (ELGAN) do not receive Iodine supplementation while on parenteral nutrition (PN)….We measured urine iodine levels and thyroid function tests in 50 mother–infant dyads at birth, at 1 week, 1, 2, 3 months and near discharge. In our study, 64% of mothers were iodine deficient at the time of delivery.
- At 1 month of age, ELGAN on PN developed iodine deficiency (p = 0.017) and had high thyroglobulin levels of 187 (156–271) ng/mL
- Iodine levels improved with enteral feeds by 2 months of age (p = 0.01).
My take: The authors note that “Iodine supplementation during pregnancy and postnatally should be considered to avoid iodine deficiency.” In addition, in those at risk, there needs to be monitoring and treatment of hypothyroidism.
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