Aspen Webinar 2021 Part 2 -Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

From the 2nd lecture of the Aspen Webinar. This blog entry has abbreviated/summarized this presentation. Though not intentional, some important material is likely to have been omitted; in addition, transcription errors are possible as well. This was a terrific lecture!

NASH Update Stavra Xanthakos

Key points:

  • Lifestyle intervention is 1st line Rx (especially avoiding sugary beverages, and processed foods). This may lead to resolution of NASH in ~29%, fibrosis resolution in 34%; though, only 3% resolved fatty liver
  • Many have progressive disease despite lifestyle treatment recommendations
  • Consider adjunctive treatments if not improving with lifestyle intervention
  • Vitamin E for biopsy-confirmed disease (often for 1-2 years of therapy)
  • Pioglitazone -off-label for adults (18+). Can increase weight; a lot of trials in adults
  • Several phase 3 trials in NASH -GLP1 agonists promising in phase 2 trials
  • GLP1 agents being used in adolescents with T2DM who may also have NASH – monitor liver outcomes
  • Anti-obesity medications may help with weight and perhaps the liver. Approved agents for adolescents include 1) Orlistat -safe, but frequent side effects (eg. Diarrhea, greasy accidents) and 2) Liraglutide -daily SC.  Insurance coverage is limited.
  • Biopsy is important before implementing medications and may influence decision to pursue bariatric surgery.  
  • Fibroscan, if shows no significant fibrosis, can help limit biopsy.
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