Increased Risk, Increased Reward (possibly) with Tofacitinib

T Straatmijer et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022; Full text Pre-Proof PDF: Superior effectiveness of tofacitinib compared to vedolizumab in anti-TNF experienced ulcerative colitis patients: a nationwide Dutch Registry study. DOI:

Methods: Ulcerative colitis patients who failed anti-TNF treatment and initiated vedolizumab (n=83) or tofacitinib (n=65) treatment, were identified in the ICC Registry in the Netherlands.

Key findings:

  • Tofacitinib treated patients were more likely to achieve corticosteroid-free clinical remission and biochemical remission at week 12, 24 and 52 compared to vedolizumab treated patients (OR: 6.33, OR: 3.02, and OR 1.86 and OR: 3.27, OR: 1.87, and OR:1.81, respectively).
  • There was no difference in infection rate or severe adverse events.

My take: The response rates with tofacitinib were significantly better than vedolizumab at all time points; however, by 52 weeks, the differences were less pronounced. Nevertheless, the safety profile of vedolizumab is much more favorable than tofacitinib and this is a very important consideration.

Related blog posts -Tofacitinib: