NASPGHAN/ESPGHAN Position Paper: Nutrition Support for Children with Chronic Liver Disease

M Mouzaki et al. JPGN 2019; 69: 498-511. Full text link: Nutrition Support of Children with Chronic Liver Diseases: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition 

Figure 2 (above) outlines an approach to assuring adequate intake of nutrients

Table 2 (above) provides an approach to laboratory monitoring. The authors recommend measuring every 3-6 months for most of the vitamins and micronutrients listed in this table

Table 3 (above) provides recommendations for specific elements of nutritional support.

Figure 1 (above) describes pathophysiology of malnutrition.

My take: This position paper provides useful advice for approaching nutritional support in children with chronic liver disease. Defining the specific patients in which these guidelines may be applicable requires individual assessment.  Thus, the authors note that the guidelines “should not be construed as establishing a legal standard of care or as encouraging, advocating, requiring, or discouraging any particular treatment.”

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Disclaimer: These blog posts are for educational purposes only. Specific dosing of medications/diets (along with potential adverse effects) should be confirmed by prescribing physician/nutritionist.  This content is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment provided by a qualified healthcare provider. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a condition

Interleukin 6 and Liver Disease Mortality

Briefly noted: J Remmler et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018; 16: 730-7.  This retrospective study with 474 patients showed that blood levels of interleukin 6 were associated with mortality.  In this cohort, those with levels in the lowest quartile (< 5.3 pg/mL) had zero fatalities within 1 year.  In those with the highest quartile (37 pg/mL or more), had a 67.7% mortality rate within 1 year.  The associated editorial (pg 630-32) notes that IL6 functions include liver regeneration, infection defense, and metabolic homeostasis.  “IL6 is synthesized during inflammatory conditions…persistent activation of the IL6 pathway may have detrimental effects in the livers and in other tissues.”

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