Immune Dysregulation and Inflammatory Bowel Disease

At our center, we are fortunate to work with an immune dysregulation clinic (Dr. Shanmuganathan Chandrakasan, Dr. Taylor Fitch) that helps sort out patients with inflammatory bowel disease with underlying monogenetic disorders. This is very important as specific treatments, including hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HCST), may be needed. The likelihood of an underlying monogenetic disorder is much more frequent in the VEO population. A recent talk on this topic by Taylor Fitch was given to our group. Here are some of the slides:

Generally, about 2% of those older than 6 years of age have monogenetic disorders, but it is much higher in those with severe or refractory disease.

This slide shows six major categories of immune defects.

This slide shows the high frequency of extraintestinal manifestations in patients with monogenetic disorders, particularly recurrent infections, skin/hair abnormalities, and autoimmunity. Perianal disease is also frequent in this population.

In the discussion, it was noted that DHR testing is often unreliable, especially if the specimen is not run promptly.

My take: I have had several patients with IBD/immune dysregulation, including a patient with CTLA4 and a patient with TTC7A. Making these diagnoses led to specific treatment recommendations. The patient with CTLA4 is doing well with abatacept therapy.

For those in Atlanta, a referral can be made via EPIC order and/or via contact with immune dysregulation team members. Epic order:

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