The Genius of Breastmilk

While there has been a lot of talk about how breastmilk improves IQ/development (see links below), there are many other reasons why breastmilk is amazing.  For example, breastmilk reduces the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).  A recent study on this effect: J Pediatr 2013; 163: 1592-5.

In this multicenter randomized controlled trial involving 7 NICUs, the authors studied extremely premature infants whose mothers did not provide their breastmilk.  Infants were fed either a cows-milk based preterm formula (COW, n=24) or pasteurized donor human milk (HUM, n=29). Birth weight and gestational age were similar in both groups, approximately 990 g and 27.5 weeks respectively.

Results:

  • HUM patients had fewer days of parenteral nutrition: 27 vs. 36, P=.04
  • HUM patients had fewer bouts of NEC: 1 (3%) vs. 5 (21%), P=.08; surgical NEC occurred 4 times in COW group compared with 0 in HUM patients (P=.04)

Take-home message: The data from this study are in line with recent American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement that recommends the following: “premature infants should receive only human milk from their mother and that, if it is not available, pasteurized donor human milk should be used.”

Another relevant study: J Pediatr 2010; 156: 562-7.

Related blog posts:

4 thoughts on “The Genius of Breastmilk

  1. Pingback: Feeling Guilty about Stopping Breastfeeding? | gutsandgrowth

  2. Pingback: You Still Need the Data | gutsandgrowth

  3. Pingback: Bioactive Components of Breastmilk | gutsandgrowth

  4. Pingback: Breastfeeding and IQ -the Latest Data | gutsandgrowth

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