A recent study (Wolf WA, et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2015; 13: 45-58) examined 221 patients in a retrospective cohort study to determine how effective topical steroids were in the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). The authors studied these patients from 2006-2013; the majority received budesonide (63%) and the remainder received fluticasone; the typical dosing was 0.5 mg-1 mg twice daily and 440-880 mcg twice daily, respectively. 129 (58%) of the participants were >18 years.
- 57% had histologic response with <15 eos/hpf
- Refractory patients “were difficult to treat with dietary and second-line pharmacologic therapies, with less than half responding even after multiple second-line therapies.” The most successful second-line approach was diet: 6 of 16 (38%) had improved histology (<15 eos/hpf). Higher doses of topical agents were effective in 2 of 14 (14%) and alternative topical agent was effective in 2 of 7 patients (29%).
- Dilatation at the time of disease presentation (25% of the study cohort) correlated with poor clinical outcome. Only 40% (20 of 50) had a histologic response.
- High tissue levels of tryptase and eotaxin-3 increased the likelihood of a steroid response.
As this was a retrospective study, there were several weaknesses.
Take-home message: The findings from this large cohort show that more than 40% of patients did not have a favorable histologic response. Some recent studies indicate that higher doses of steroids may be effective, but this may be influenced by the proportion of individuals with advanced fibrostenotic disease.
Related blog posts:
- Higher Doses of Topical Steroids for Eosinophilic Esophagitis …
- Eosinophilic Esophagitis Slide Set | gutsandgrowth
- Looking better or feeling better in EoE? | gutsandgrowth
- Nexium versus Fluticasone for EoE | gutsandgrowth
- Do We Still Need PPI-REE? | gutsandgrowth
Disclaimer: These blog posts are for educational purposes only. Specific dosing of medications/diets (along with potential adverse effects) should be confirmed by prescribing physician/nutritionist. This content is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment provided by a qualified healthcare provider. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a condition.