More data is accumulating that show that higher levels of adalimumab are associated with better outcomes: F Rinawi et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2021; 27 1079-1087. Association of Early Postinduction Adalimumab Exposure With Subsequent Clinical and Biomarker Remission in Children with Crohn’s Disease. This pediatric study included 65 patients with Crohn’s disease; the author’s note that children weighing less than 40 kg frequently received higher dosing than on-label ADA dosing.
- Adalimumab trough levels (TLs) at both weeks 4 and 8 were significantly higher in remitters vs nonremitters at week 24 (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively)
- The best ADA TL cutoffs at weeks 4 and 8 for predicting clinical/biomarker remission at week 24 were 22.5 µg/mL (80% sensitivity, 90% specificity) and 12.5 µg/mL (94% sensitivity, 60% specificity) respectively
My take (borrowed from authors): Greater early ADA exposure is associated with superior clinical/biomarker outcomes at week 24. ADA pediatric dosing is looking a lot like infliximab dosing in which nearly 75% would be underdosed if using on-label dosing.
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