Combination Therapy for Eosinophilic Esophagitis

MA Buendia et al. JPGN Reports 3(4):p e273, 2022. DOI: 10.1097/PG9.0000000000000273. Relapse of Eosinophilic Esophagitis on Dupilumab

Yesterday’s post reviewed the landmark study leading to dupilumab’s FDA approval. Today’s case report shows that we have a lot we need to learn about its use.

The authors present a case report of a patient with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) who had ongoing active EoE while receiving topical steroids (TS) and PPI (and previously dietary elimination therapy). He achieved remission after the addition of dupilumab. “When his TS were weaned after achieving remission, his disease relapsed with worsening of his dysphagia and a peak eosinophilic count (PEC) of 55 eosinophils per high power field (eos/hpf). Upon restarting TS to his ongoing dupilumab, symptoms fully resolved, and he achieved histologic remission (PEC 10 eos/hpf).”

My take: This study indicates that there are some patients need dupilumab and topical steroids in combination, rather than monotherapy. Reliable biomarkers to more easily determine response and/or to predict optimal therapy are clearly needed.

Sunset at Siesta Key, FL