IBD Update: MMR Vaccine and Lower Rates of IBD, Humira Biosimilar Data, Oral Health Associated with IBD Activity, Low Chance of Reconnection After Fecal Diversion

C Kim et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2023; 29: 430-436. Vaccination Against Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Incident Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a National Cohort of Privately Insured Children

This retrospective cohort study (n = 1 365 447) using de-identified claims data from a national private payer (Optum Clinformatics Data Mart), between 2001 and 2018 found that receipt of at least 1 dose of MMR had lower risk for IBD than children who did not (hazard ratio, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.59-0.85). This association persisted after adjustment for potential confounding factors.

My take: This study provides reassurance to encourage MMR vaccination

A Tursi et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2023; 29: 376-383. Comparison of Performances of Adalimumab Biosimilars SB5, ABP501, GP2017, and MSB11022 in Treating Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: A Real-Life, Multicenter, Observational Study

In this retrospective study (n=533), compare the efficacy and safety of ADA biosimilars SB5, ABP501, GP2017, and MSB11022 in treating IBD outpatients in a real-life Italian setting. Key findings:

  • Clinical remission was obtained in 79.6% of patients new to biologics and 59.2% of patients new to ADA but not to other biologics
  • Clinical remission was maintained in 81.0% of patients switched from the originator
  • No difference in efficacy and safety was found between ADA biosimilars.

My take: This study suggests that these biosimilars are equally effective; however, the fact that nearly 20% failed to maintain remission after switching from the originator ADA indicates more comparative (prospective) studies are needed

Related blog post: Adalimumab Biosimilars on the Horizon (Finally) Plus Two Studies

GR Madsen et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2023; 29: 396-404. The Impact of Periodontitis on Inflammatory Bowel Disease Activity

Key finding: In this questionnaire-based study among 1093 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), periodontitis and tooth loss were significantly associated with increased IBD-related disability and more disease activity in the preceding 12 month. This type of study does not allow one to draw conclusions about causality but does provide a good rationale to encourage regular attention to oral health/dentistry.

G Kassim et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2023; 29: 417-422. Long-Term Outcomes of the Excluded Rectum in Crohn’s Disease: A Multicenter International Study

Methods: In this retrospective study (n=197) reviewed all CD patients between 1990 and 2014 who had undergone diversionary surgery with retention of the excluded rectum for at least 6 months and who had at least 2 years of postoperative follow-up.

Key findings:

  • 92 (47%) of 197 patients ultimately underwent subsequent proctectomy; only 20 (10%) remained symptom-free with excluded rectums.
  • Only 28 (14.2%) of 197, and only 4 (5.9%) of 66 with initial perianal disease, were able to achieve reanastomosis without further problems

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Fecal Diversion for Perianal Crohn’s Disease

A recent study (S Singh et al. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics; 2015: 42: 783-92; article first published online: 11 AUG 2015. DOI: 10.1111/apt.13356) gives more specific data regarded the outcomes of fecal diversion for perianal Crohn’s disease.  While diversion can be helpful, the meta-analysis indicates that only one-sixth of patients were able to achieve successful bowel continuity/reconnection.  The authors did not note a significant improvement in successful bowel continuity restoration in the era of biologics compared with prebiologic era (17.6% vs13.7%).

An excerpt of a summary of this study from Gastroenterology & Hepatology (September 2015)

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Stranger than fiction?

Stranger than fiction?