Something New with FMT

“Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies.” –Nelson Mandela

A brief review on Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) (Gastroenterol 2013; 145: 946-53) made a few points that I was not familiar with and reiterated many other important aspects.

  • With regard to preparation of FMT, early data suggests that using water rather than saline may result in better resolution of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)
  • Adequate volumes of FMT material are needed, with rates as high as 97% CDI resolution with infusions >500 mL
  • While preliminary data suggested higher CDI resolution with colonoscopy infusion, a recent randomized controlled trial indicated that duodenal infusion was as effective as colonoscopic administration
  • Short-term data indicate very low adverse effect rates
  • While the only accepted role for FMT outside of clinical trials is for CDI, the review examined the potential benefit for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, and metabolic/cardiovascular disorders.
  • With IBD, there are currently 6 registered trials testing FMT for patients with IBD.  Preliminary data have been more evident in small studies with ulcerative colitis.
  • The rationale for FMT in IBD is that IBD patients have reduced diversity and altered microbial flora.  “However, it is not clear whether these differences are a cause or a consequence of the development of IBD.”

Related blog posts:

Disclaimer: These blog posts are for educational purposes only. Specific dosing of medications (along with potential adverse effects) should be confirmed by prescribing physician.  This content is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment provided by a qualified healthcare provider. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a condition.