MMP-7 Helps Sort Out Biliary Atresia from Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease

PS Salvi et al. J Pediatrics 2022; 249: 97-100. Open access! Comparing Serum Matrix Metalloproteinase-7 in Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease and Biliary Atresia

In this single-center retrospective study with 19 patients, MMP-7 and GGT values were compared in children who were diagnosed with Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease (PNALD, n=15) and Biliary atresia (n=4). Key findings:

  • Median MMP-7 values for PNALD patients 37.8 ng/mL was much lower than MMP-7 values for biliary atresia 112.3 ng/mL.
  • GGT values were not statistically significantly different 116 for PNALD vs 248 for biliary atresia
  • In this cohort, a MMP-7 threshold of 52.8 ng/mL had a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 93.5% for biliary atresia.

My take: MMP-7 values reduce diagnostic uncertainty between PNALD and biliary atresia. However, there are infrequent cases of biliary atresia with lower values of MMP-7.

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