IBD Shorts: High TNF levels, Biologics in Pregnancy, & Ileocolic Resection Outcomes in Pediatrics

M Zvuloni et al. JPGN 2021; 73: 717-721. Open Access PDF: High anti-TNFa Concentrations Are Not Associated With More Adverse Events in Pediatric Inflammatory
Bowel Disease

Key findings (retrospective study):

  • Higher trough concentrations (TCs) (>10 mcg/mL) of anti-TNFa were not associated with higher rate of anti-TNFa-related adverse events in 135 patients & >1500 TC measurements
  • Out of the 30 patients who presented with elevated transaminases, 27 (90%) patients had normalized transaminases values by the end of the follow-up
  • Adverse events were noted in 68 of 135 patients (see below)

OH Nielsen et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022; 20: 74-87. Open Access: Biologics for Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Their Safety in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Forty-eight studies were included in the meta-analysis comprising 6963 patients. Key findings:

  • Biologic therapy in IBD pregnancies was associated with a pooled prevalence of 8% for early pregnancy loss, 9% for preterm birth, 0% for stillbirth, 8% for low birth weight, and 1% for congenital malformations.
  • These rates are comparable with those published in the general population.
  • Importantly, studies with newer biologics (eg. vedolizumab, ustekinumab) had small sample sizes. In addition, ongoing prospective multicenter registries are ongoing.

EA Spencer et al. JPGN 2021; 73: 710-716. Open Access PDF: Outcomes of Primary Ileocolic Resection for Pediatric Crohn Disease in the Biologic Era

Key findings (n=78, retrospective study, 2/3rds received biologic postoperative prophylactic therapy):

  • Endoscopic recurrence was 46% at 2 years (median time to recurrence: 10 months).
  • Histologic recurrence was present in 44% in endoscopic remission
  • At diagnosis and surgery, over a quarter met the criteria for growth failure.. Following surgery, height, weight and BMI z scores improved significantly both at 1 year and last followup

IBD ‘Pearls’

clinical pearl is “a short, straightforward piece of clinical advice.” Here are a few:

2015 DDW abstract –#536 DR Hoekman et al “Non-trough IFX concentrations reliably predict trough levels and accelerate dose-adjustment in Crohn’s disease.”  This abstract examined data from 20 CD patients.  The authors noted that infliximab concentrations of 15 mcg/mL or higher at week 4 and 7.5 mcg/mL or higher at week 6 appeared to predict trough concentrations of 3 mcg/mL or higher at week 8.

U Kopylov et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2015; 21: 1847-53.  This nested case control study identified 19,582 eligible patients.  Key findings:

  • Treatment with thiopurines for more than 5 years did not increase the risk of lymphoma, melanoma or colorectal cancer.
  • There was an association between thiopurine use and nonmelanoma skin cancer (OR 1.78).
  • No association was found between the risk of the evaluated malignancies and anti-TNFα medications

K Huth et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2015; 21: 1761-68. This prospective cohort study completed over 2 successive influenza seasons showed that offering education and access to vaccination improved rates of vaccination from 47% (2011-12) to 75% (2013-14).  The education module is available: www.cheo.on.ca/en/IBDflu

KH Katsanos et al. “Review article: non-malignant oral manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease” Aliment Pharmacol There 2015; 42: 40-60. (Thanks to Ben Gold for this reference). This review article provides extensive information about oral lesions in IBD, differential diagnosis, numerous pictures, and management recommendations.  Some oral lesions are directly related to IBD, others can be induced by vitamin deficiencies or by medications.

One of my pet peeves -I avoid using straws

One of my pet peeves -I avoid using straws.  I heard this statistic several years ago and also see too many littered straws.

Disclaimer: These blog posts are for educational purposes only. Specific dosing of medications/diets (along with potential adverse effects) should be confirmed by prescribing physician/nutritionist.  This content is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment provided by a qualified healthcare provider. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a condition.