Reslizumab (recombinant anti-IL-5) for Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Reslizumab, a monoclonal recombinant antibody to interleukin-5 did not receive FDA approval for eosinophilic esophagitis.  However, a recent report (J Markowitz et al. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: June 2018 – Volume 66 – Issue 6 – p 893–897)  describes the outcomes of patients who entered the randomized control trial and continued to receive subsequently via open label extension (OLE, n=6) or through compassionate use (CU, n=4. This study provides data over 9 years of treatment.

Key findings:

  • Median eosinophil count dropped from 35 to 3
  • No serious adverse events were noted
  • Clinical features improved.  For example, dysphagia dropped from 42% to 0% and vomiting dropped from 67% to 17%

My take: Though this is a small study, it shows that in selected patients disruption of the inflammatory pathways can result in significant clinical improvement.

Pics from Ameila Island and thereabouts -Not sure whose dog  (not ours)