Vedolizumab More Effective Than Adalimumab for Ulcerative Colitis

Gastroendonews: Tea Leaves No More: Biologics Head-to-Head Produces a Winner

An excerpt:

In the first head-to-head trial of biologic treatments for inflammatory bowel disease, vedolizumab (Entyvio, Takeda) was nearly 50% more effective than adalimumab (Humira, AbbVie) in inducing clinical and mucosal remission in patients with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis…

They enrolled 771 patients with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis in the VARSITY study and randomly assigned them to receive 52 weeks of treatment with either vedolizumab or adalimumab…

They had failed other conventional therapies, including 25% in each group that had received an anti–tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agent…

  • 31.3% of vedolizumab recipients and 22.5% of those taking adalimumab were in clinical remission after 52 weeks (P=0.0061). Clinical remission was defined as a complete Mayo score of 2 or lower and no subscore greater than 1
  • Nearly 40% of patients who received vedolizumab achieved mucosal healing at 52 weeks, compared with 27.7% of adalimumab recipients (P=0.0005).

My take: This study provides a rationale for vedolizumab to be used as a first-line biologic agent for ulcerative colitis.

Related posts:

Pediatric Experience with Vedolizumab

 

N Singh et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2016; 22: 2121-25.  Abstract:

Background: Though vedolizumab has received regulatory approval for the treatment of Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in adults, there is increasing off-label use in children.

Aims: To describe the experience with vedolizumab in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients at 3 tertiary IBD centers and examine predictors of remission.

Methods: A retrospective review identified pediatric IBD patients (age < 18 yrs) receiving vedolizumab. Data on demographics, disease behavior, location, activity, and previous treatments/surgeries were collected. Disease activity was assessed using the weighted pediatric CD activity index or pediatric UC activity index. Primary outcome was week 14 remission, defined as pediatric UC activity index <10 or weighted pediatric CD activity index <12.5. Descriptive statistics and univariate analyses were performed to examine associations of clinical characteristics with efficacy.

Results: Fifty-two patients, 58% CD and 42% UC, initiated vedolizumab between June 2014 and August 2015. Median age at vedolizumab initiation was 14.9 (range 7–17) years. Ninety percent had failed ≥1 anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agent. Week 14 remission rates for UC and CD were 76% and 42%, respectively (P < 0.05). Eighty percent of anti–TNF-naive patients experienced week 14 remission. At week 22, anti–TNF-naive patients had higher remission rates than TNF-exposed patients (100% versus 45%, P = 0.04). There were no infusion reactions or serious adverse events/infections.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that vedolizumab is efficacious and safe in pediatric IBD patients, with UC patients experiencing earlier and higher rates of remission than CD patients. Anti–TNF-naive patients experienced higher remission rates than those with anti-TNF exposure. Controlled clinical trial data are needed to confirm these observations.

Related Blog Posts:

Glacier Natl Park

Glacier Natl Park

Early Look At Entyvio (Vedolizumab) in Pediatrics

From DDW 2015 and HealioGastro: Entyvio shows promise in pediatric patients

First study, abstract 321:

Namita Singh, MD, of Cedars Sinai Medical Center in New York, … presented results of a prospective observational study in which they initiated Entyvio (vedolizumab, Takeda; 6 mg/kg, maximum 300 mg) — off label — via intravenous infusion in pediatric patients…The primary clinical outcomes was clinical remission at week 6 (PUCAI ≤ 10; PCDAI ≤ 10).

The study looked at 23 patients (15 with Crohn’s; eight with ulcerative colitis) enrolled between June 2014 and October 2014; median age of vedolizumab initiation was 14 years.

At 88%, the patients with ulcerative colitis had a higher rate of remission than those with Crohn’s who were at 40% [at week 6]. This trend sustained at week 14 and Singh said all patients with ulcerative colitis were in remission at week 14.

Week 6 and week 14 remission rates overall were 46.6% and 54.5%, respectively, and week 6 remission predicted week 14 remission (P < .05).

“Week 6 remission is associated with week 14 remission,” Singh said. “This suggests that we can determine early in therapy whether a patient will be a primary responder to therapy. If not, then perhaps we should move on to another therapy.”

“Longer duration from last anti-TNF exposure is associated with higher remission rates,” Singh said.

Second study, abstract 322:

Ronen Stein, MD, from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, also presented data on vedolizumab therapy in patients with severe pediatric IBD…In this single center, prospective observational cohort study, the primary endpoint was a decrease in PCDAI/PUCAI from baseline to weeks 6, 14 and 22 and secondary endpoints were changes in albumin, hematocrit and CRP as well as remission at the same time points.

Patients received vedolizumab infusions (300 mg) at weeks 0, 2 and 6 for induction and maintenance through week 22.

The researchers included children aged 13 years to 21 years (n = 17) with IBD who weighed 40 kg or more and had a past failure on TNF-alpha inhibitor therapy. Of these patients, 15 had Crohn’s disease and two had unclassified IBD (IBD-U).

More than three-quarters started on systemic corticosteroids at baseline; more than one quarter were on immunomodulators. Seven patients had previous abdominal surgery and 59% of patients had failed more than one biologic therapy…

At each time point in question, this study saw improvement of PCDAI (P < .001 at week 6; P < .05 at week 14; P < .0001 at week 22).

“Starting at week 6, there was a significant decrease in PCDAI that was sustained for weeks 14 and 22.”

Five patients reached remission at week 6.

“There really is no pattern to tell us which patients will be in remission at week 6. They have pretty different characteristics,” Stein said.

Briefly noted:

Link: Case description/images of 9 year old with gastric Crohn’s

Related blog posts:

I love Ria’s Bluebird –the best pancakes ever!

I Love the place: the best pancakes ever!