Headlines and Shorts for IBD and IBS

“Higher Levels of Knowledge Reduce Health Care Costs in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.” Inflamm Bowel Dis 2015; 21: 615-22.  This retrospective observational cohort study asked 91 patients to complete a questionnaire about their knowledge on the disease after 1 year of follow-up. The authors noted an association between higher levels of knowledge and lower health care costs. While their are many limitations to this study, it is hard to argue with the conclusion that better education is worthwhile; it may also improve outcome and costs.

“Surgery and Postoperative Recurrence in Children with Crohn Disease.” Hansen LF et al. JPGN 2015; 60: 347-51. In a retrospective study dating back to 1978, the authors noted a high recurrence of surgery in children (n=115) with Crohn disease (CD).  More than 1 bowel resection was needed in 39%. The use of biologics occurred late in the study and its potential effect on lowering recurrent resection is unclear in this study. Related post:  More Lessons in TNF Therapy (Part 1) | gutsandgrowth

“Risk of Drug-Induced Liver Injury from Tumor Necrosis Factor Antagonists.” Bjornsson ES, et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2015; 13: 602-08.  9 cases of DILI associated with infliximab (1 in 120 patients), 1 case (of 270) with adalimumab, and 1 case (of 430) associated with etanercept. 8 of 11 patients who were tested for ANA were positive. DILI was treated with steroids in 5 patients. 8 patients went on to receive a different anti-TNF without recurrent liver dysfunction. Related blog posts:

“The Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites is Not Greater Among Individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Population-based Case-control Study” Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2015; 13: 507-13. Related post: Does it make sense to look for parasites in RAP …

Liver toxicity -where to look online

Increasingly physicians as well as families gather medical information online.  Physicians, like patients, benefit when they know that a website is highly regarded by experts in the field.  This month’s Hepatology (2013: 57: 873-74) provides an introduction to the website LiverTox (www.livertox.nih.gov) (Search Livertox Database).

This website provides comprehensive and “evidence-based information on drug, dietary supplement, and herbal-induced liver injury that is freely accessible to physicians, researchers, and the public.”  The website includes about 650 different medications, supplements, and herbals; more than 12,000 annotated references are available.  In addition, the website allows clinicians to submit a case report as well as allow submission to the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS).

Related blog entry: