Measles Outbreak

704 Measles cases for this year were reported on April 30th. It is likely to climb much higher. More than 40,000 cases were reported in Europe in the first 6 months of 2018.

Related article: NY Times: Should Adults Get a Measles Booster Shot?

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Just Saying…Vaccines Don’t Trigger Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The other day I was having a fun discussion on words that we may choose before providing information that others might not like.  Some examples:

  • “No offense but”…
  • “Don’t take this the wrong way”…
  • “Just saying”…

A recent report (GP de Chambrun et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2015; 13: 1405-15) debunks claims that vaccines increase the risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).  A report by Thompson NP et al (Lancet 1995; 345: 1071-74) suggested that measles vaccination could increase risk of IBD.  In the current study, the researchers examined 11 previous studies for review and meta-analysis.  Vaccines included: BCG, DPT, smallpox, poliomyelitis, pertussis, H1N1,measles, mumps, rubella, and combined MMR.  This study included 2399 patients with IBD and 33,747 controls. Bottomline: “Results of this meta-analysis show no evidence supporting an association between childhood immunization or H1N1 vaccination in adults and risk of developing IBD.” With regard to the measles vaccine in particular, the relative risk was 1.33 (CI 0.31 -5.80) in cohort studies and the relative risk was 0.85 (CI 0.60 -1.20) in case-control studies.

What types of words do you hear people use before saying something someone is not going to like?

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Another Big Study: No Link between MMR vaccine and Autism (Plus one)

In a study with 95,727 children, there was no link between receipt of the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine and autism, even in children at high risk (eg. sibling with autism).

Here’s a summary from USA Today: No link between MMR and Autism

Original JAMA article (free & entire article)

Related blog: “Too many vaccines and autism” is debunked | gutsandgrowth

An unrelated commentary, “Social Distancing and the Unvaccinated,” (NEJM 2015; 372: 1481-83) notes that a recent ruling (Phillips v City of New York) upholds the state’s authority to bar unvaccinated children from school during outbreaks.  This practice is referred to as social distancing to lessen likelihood of further transmission. This “reiterated the Supreme Court decision in the 1905 case Jacobson v. Massachusetts, which clearly found vaccine mandates constitutional.”

GI Care For Kids: Our group has been very supportive of the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA) and especially active in staffing the yearly Camp Oasis for more than 20 years.  Throughout the year, there are a number of other events to support CCFA.  This past weekend many of us participated in “Taking Steps.”  Here are a few pictures:

Super Poopers: Ben Gold, Larry Saripkin, Dinesh Patel, Seth Marcus, and Jay Hochman

Super Poopers: Ben Gold, Larry Saripkin, Dinesh Patel, Seth Marcus, and Jay Hochman

Dr. Spandorfer’s team raised a great deal of money (50K) and he/his family were featured in the Atlanta Journal Constitution (Local Family Takes Big Steps to Raise Awareness).  His son, Jack, spoke at the event, and was honored as this year’s hero.  They also had pretty clever T-shirts

With 'Pip" Spandorfer (whose team raised $50,000)

With ‘Pip” Spandorfer (whose team raised $50,000)

Dinesh Patel and Kimberly Sheats

Dinesh Patel and Kimberly Sheats

 

 

 

Vaccine Safety Comic Book Version – Will It Help?

The following link (from Jeff Lewis’ twitter feed) provides a terrific review and summary of the effectiveness of vaccines, the debunked myths, and how “anti-vax” movement hurt not just themselves but others too.

Vaccines Work, Here Are the Facts -Cartoon

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More Measles Cases -Here’s the Data

This past month a recent perspective article (NEJM 2014; 371: 1661-3) provides an update on measles and the problems with vaccination rates.

Key points:

  • More measles cases in 2014 (592 thru Aug 29) than in any year in the past 20.  Already, the number of cases this year is >3-fold the number in 2013 and ~10-fold more than in 2012
  • Most cases are due to infections acquired during travel or due to cases being brought into U.S. by foreign travelers
  • Problem has expanded due to increasing number of unvaccinated children.  Vaccines “that remain in the vial are completely ineffective.”
  • Measles remains one of the most contagious illnesses and typically one person can infect up to 18 susceptible persons.  Due to its contagiousness, a high level of herd immunity (>92-94% immune) is needed to prevent sustained spread of virus.
  • Measles can be deadly with case fatality rate of 0.2% to 0.3% in the developed world and much higher in the developing world (2-15%).
  • Even a few cases are very expensive to control. A 2004 Iowa outbreak of only three patients cost more than $140,000 to contain/investigate.  An outbreak in Arizona with only 7 patients cost more than $800,000.

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